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Prefecture of Viotias

Orxomenostheatro.jpg (28946 bytes)

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The ancient theater

The excavations of Orxomeno (first of Sliman in 1880-1 and in 1886,after the French School, in 1893 and after the German in 1905 and later)brought to the light important tracks of all the Ages ,of the Prehistoric Age of Greece to successive levels on four phases:

The first phase which called Orxomenos 1,corresponds with the Neolithic Age. On her have been founding important remains from circular houses diameter 2-6 meter,and the pots of this age are handmade.

The second phase which called Orxomenos 2 corresponds with the First-Greek Age. On her belongs remains of houses with ellipsoidal form and distinguishing attribute the called cesspools where inside are painted with clay and consisted ashes.It is not sure if those cesspools were used for the baking of food or if they had some religious use.The pots of those Age are polished.

The third phase which called Orxomenos 3 corresponds with the Middle-Greek Age of Greece.Now the houses had square form.The ceramic is used dark-coloured,the pots are colored with dim colors. But most important are the Mikinaic pots which they were founding for first time at the Orxomeno and that create the supposition that are pieces of work of the mythic Minion.

They are constructed to the ceramic wheel with blue or light yellow clay and pretty well polished so that can anyone thing that they are metallic which with no doubt are imitated.Miniac pots are now famous and from other areas from the central Greece and the Peloponnisou.

The next phase Orxomenos 4 corresponds with the Mikinaici Age and is the period of acme of Orxomenou. On her it was founding parts of wall paintings were they belonged to a palace and are the same with those which were founded in Thiva ,Mikines,Tirintha and Pylo.In the same time is also dated an important pot the called epigraph amphora of Orxomenou,with description on the called Linear B Writing.In the same time belongs and the called treasure of Miniou,arched grave same to the form with the arched grave of Atreos to the Mikines and with an arched grave to Arxanes of Crete.

The called treasure of Miniou which unfornatuly is not saved in the condition of the other two graves,constitutes again from the structur,the dim and a side room.The structure communicates with the dim with a door,which roofs from an enormous monolithic door lintel.The dim was built like usually were built the Mikinaic arched graves with stones to equal structure lines according the called Ekforic system,that means dactylics which becomes narrow to the top.The side room which communicate again with the dim with a door is investment inside to the walls and the roof with enormous relief stone slates,decorated with flowers.The treasure of Miniou has destroyed in the ancient years.His dim were used also to the posterior years and to the Roman Age it was placed to the center a marble altar.

At the hill, next to the arched grave are noticed tracks of a big building,probably temple.It is kwon that in Orxomeno was a temple of Xariton.In a small distance from the arched grave there was in the Byzantine years a monastery from there are still saved his cathedral,the Assumption of Holy Mother of Scripous,from the oldest Middle Byzantine monuments of Greece(dated in 873-4)the called Greek transient form,with interesting sculpture decoration.




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