Greek Map

Γενικά Στοιχεία



Agio Oros







 

Land :336sq.Klm

Population: 2.262

Mount Athos is surrounded by the Strymonikos Bay in the east, Siggiticos Bay in the west and the Aegean Sea in the south. In the north, there is an isthmus that connects Mt Athos with the Prefecture of Halkidiki. In 480 BC Xerxis created a canal there , so as his fleet be able to pass through the isthmus.

Civil-administrative authorities

1. Administration: a civil administrator, the Master of Church, a Surrogate Administrator, a Secretary.

2. A Police Station.

3. A Customs House.

4. A Post Office.

5. A Health Center.

Monastery-administrative authorities

1.The Holy Community which is based in Karies. It is consisted of 20 representatives of the 20 holy monasteries. They are elected each year. Their term of office is one year.

2.The Holy Supervision.

Athos peninsula is full of monasteries, all built in the Byzantine Times. According to mythology Mt Athos used to be a block of stones thrown at Poseidon by Athos, the Giant. According to a tradition of Athos, the Holy Mother and John the Evangelist were travelling in the North Aegean Sea, but a Storm pushed them in the coasts of Athos. The Holy Mother, impressed by the beauty of the landscape, asked her Son to present her with this area. In the area, the Holy Mother disembarked, the monastery of Ibiron was built. The whole peninsula was called the Holy Mother’s garden.

The first monks arrived in the 9th century. They used to live in huts or isolated caves. The monastery of Megisti Lavra was founded in 963. By the end of the 11th century the monasteries were gradually increased. In the 12th century Russians, Iberians and Serbs founded new monasteries. Mt Athos flourished in the 14th century, when there were more than 50.000.

Mt Athos undertook the raids of the Latin and the Turks. In 1453, it came under the Turkish domination. It was then that the number of monks was decreased. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Mt Athos became the spiritual center of the Orthodox Church. The 17 monasteries out of the 20 are Greek, one of them is Russian(St Panteleimonos), one is Bulgarian(Zografou) and one is Serbian (Hiliandari). Each monastery complex is surrounded by tall walls. Apart from the main church, there are also chapels, hostels, restaurants, cellars, hospitals, homes for the aged, smitheries, oil-presses. The 19 monasteries follow the old style calendar. The Vatopediou monastery follows the new style one. The day begins when the sun sets, except the Ibiron monastery. The 20 monasteries are the following: Megisti Lavra, Vatopediou, Ibiron, Hiliandri, Dionisiou, Koutloumousiou, Pantokratoros, Xeropotamou, Zografou, Doxiari, Karakalou, Filotheou, Simonos Petras, St Paul, Stavronikita, Xenofontos, Gregoriou, Esfigmenou, St Panteleimonos and Konstamonitou. Many of the monks live in hermitages and caves, devoid of the material pleasures. Such hermitages are Karoulka on the southern rugged cliffs of Athos, where the most severe monks live. Nowadays the monks are almost 2.000, Russians, Bulgarians, Serbs and Romanians included. The churches are decorated with magnificent murals painted by famous hagiographers such as Manuel Panselinos and Theofanis Creticos. The valuable treasures and relics include icons, unique manuscripts and holy shrines. The thousands of visitors are enchanted by the grandeur and they are filled with awe. The civil administration of Mt Athos comes under the responsibility of the Foreign Office. The access to Athos is achieved through Dafne, a small port. The disembarking at women is strictly forbidden. They are only allowed to sail round. Greeks can freely visit the area. The foreigners, though should show a reference of the embassy of their country as well as a special license given by the Greek Foreign Office. If somebody would like to stay in, he should have a special license given by the capital, that is, Karies.

In Dafne and Karies, there are also small hostels. Somebody can also stay in the monasteries. People more from the one to the other monastery on foot or by boats.

The monasteries are either idiorythmic or coenobium. In the former, each monk has his cell and takes after himself. In the latter the property is common. These monasteries are administrated by the abbot. Apart from the 20 monasteries, there are also 9 scetes, cells, huts, hermitages. All of them are subordinate to the monasteries. The number of monks in scetes is limited. Each scete is consisted of huts. Three monks live in each hut.

The cells are made up at a building and a church. Three monks also live in each cell. They support themselves on the cultivation of the land and handwork.

The huts are a kind of commune scete.

There are also some separate huts. The hermitages are found on cliffs or caves. The hermit spends his whole life there and maintains himself on what the other monks bring to him. It is obvious that a hermits’ life is the most severe of the monastic life. Most hermitages are in the south side of the peninsula.

Land :336sq.Klm

Population: 1.536

Monastiri.jpg (16770 bytes)

Mount Athos is surrounded by the Strymonikos Bay in the east, Siggiticos Bay in the west and the Aegean Sea in the south. In the north, there is an isthmus that connects Mt Athos with the Prefecture of Halkidiki. In 480 BC Xerxis created a canal there , so as his fleet be able to pass through the isthmus.

Civil-administrative authorities

 1.Administration: a civil administrator, the Master of Church, a Surrogate Administrator, a Secretary.

2.A Police Station.

3.A Customs House.

4.A Post Office.

5.A Health Center

.Monastiri1.jpg (24217 bytes)

Monastery-administrative authorities

1.The Holy Community which is based in Karies. It is consisted of 20 representatives of the 20 holy monasteries. They are elected each year. Their term of office is one year.

2.The Holy Supervision.

Athos peninsula is full of monasteries, all built in the Byzantine Times. According to mythology Mt Athos used to be a block of stones thrown at Poseidon by Athos, the Giant. According to a tradition of Athos, the Holy Mother and John the Evangelist were travelling in the North Aegean Sea, but a Storm pushed them in the coasts of Athos. The Holy Mother, impressed by the beauty of the landscape, asked her Son to present her with this area. In the area, the Holy Mother disembarked, the monastery of Ibiron was built. The whole peninsula was called the Holy Mother’s garden.

The first monks arrived in the 9th century. They used to live in huts or isolated caves. The monastery of Megisti Lavra was founded in 963. By the end of the 11th century the monasteries were gradually increased. In the 12th century Russians, Iberians and Serbs founded new monasteries. Mt Athos flourished in the 14th century, when there were more than 50.000.

Mt Athos undertook the raids of the Latin and the Turks. In 1453, it came under the Turkish domination. It was then that the number of monks was decreased. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Mt Athos became the spiritual center of the Orthodox Church. The 17 monasteries out of the 20 are Greek, one of them is Russian(St Panteleimonos), one is Bulgarian(Zografou) and one is Serbian (Hiliandari). Each monastery complex is surrounded by tall walls. Apart from the main church, there are also chapels, hostels, restaurants, cellars, hospitals, homes for the aged, smitheries, oil-presses. The 19 monasteries follow the old style calendar. The Vatopediou monastery follows the new style one. The day begins when the sun sets, except the Ibiron monastery. The 20 monasteries are the following: Megisti Lavra, Vatopediou, Ibiron, Hiliandri, Dionisiou, Koutloumousiou, Pantokratoros, Xeropotamou, Zografou, Doxiari, Karakalou, Filotheou, Simonos Petras, St Paul, Stavronikita, Xenofontos, Gregoriou, Esfigmenou, St Panteleimonos and Konstamonitou. Many of the monks live in hermitages and caves, devoid of the material pleasures. Such hermitages are Karoulka on the southern rugged cliffs of Athos, where the most severe monks live. Nowadays the monks are almost 2.000, Russians, Bulgarians, Serbs and Romanians included. The churches are decorated with magnificent murals painted by famous hagiographers such as Manuel Panselinos and Theofanis Creticos. The valuable treasures and relics include icons, unique manuscripts and holy shrines. The thousands of visitors are enchanted by the grandeur and they are filled with awe. The civil administration of Mt Athos comes under the responsibility of the Foreign Office. The access to Athos is achieved through Dafne, a small port. The disembarking at women is strictly forbidden. They are only allowed to sail round. Greeks can freely visit the area. The foreigners, though should show a reference of the embassy of their country as well as a special license given by the Greek Foreign Office. If somebody would like to stay in, he should have a special license given by the capital, that is, Karies.

In Dafne and Karies, there are also small hostels. Somebody can also stay in the monasteries. People more from the one to the other monastery on foot or by boats.

The monasteries are either idiorythmic or coenobium. In the former, each monk has his cell and takes after himself. In the latter the property is common. These monasteries are administrated by the abbot. Apart from the 20 monasteries, there are also 9 scetes, cells, huts, hermitages. All of them are subordinate to the monasteries. The number of monks in scetes is limited. Each scete is consisted of huts. Three monks live in each hut.

The cells are made up at a building and a church. Three monks also live in each cell. They support themselves on the cultivation of the land and handwork.

The huts are a kind of commune scete.

There are also some separate huts. The hermitages are found on cliffs or caves. The hermit spends his whole life there and maintains himself on what the other monks bring to him. It is obvious that a hermits’ life is the most severe of the monastic life. Most hermitages are in the south side of the peninsula.

 

 

Monastiri2.jpg (26631 bytes)

 

 
   
 
 
 
 

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